The Birkeland Lectures

The University of Oslo has since 1987 arranged a ”Birkeland Lecture” in cooperation with the Norwegain Academy of Science and Letters, the Norwegian Space Centre and the Norwegian company Norsk Hydro ASA (from 2004: YARA ASA). Except for 1993 – when the lecture was given in Tokyo - the lectures have been given in Norway, most of them at the Academy in Oslo. This cooperation with the Academy and Norsk Hydro and YARA has given the University of Oslo the opportunity to invite many outstanding scientists within the area of geophysical and space research to Oslo, areas which were central in Kristian Birkeland´s own research.

Maleriet av Kristian Birkeland (1867 - 1917) henger i Akademiets spisesal. Birkeland er malt av Asta Nørregaard i 1919 etter hennes tegning fra 1913. Kristian Birkeland (1867 - 1917), painting by Asta Nørregaard.

1987: Hannes Alfven , Kungliga Tekniska Høgskolan , Stockholm, Sverige, and
University of California, San Diego, USA::
“The Auroral Research in Scandinavia”
(University of Oslo, 3. September 1987)

1988: Alex J. Dessler , Rice University, Housten, USA:
“I have it” - Birkeland´s quest for research founding”
(University of Oslo, 16. June 1988)

1989: T.A. Potemra, The John Hopkins University, Laurel, USA:
“Satelite measurements of Birkeland currents”
Naoshi Fukushima, Tokyo University, Japan:
“Birkeland´s work with the geomagnetic disturbances in relation to
modern research”
(The Norwegian Science Museum, Oslo, 24 October 1989)

1990: James van Allen , University of Iowa, USA:
“On the future of space science and applications”
(The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, Oslo, 10. October 1990)

1991: Syun-Ichi Akasofu , Geophysical Institute, Fairbanks, Alaska:
(University of Oslo, 24. October 1991)

1992: W. Ian Axford , Max-Planck Institut, Lindauer, Tyskland:
“The origin of cosmic rays”
(University of Oslo, 24. September 1992)

1993: Takasi Oguti, Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Tokyo, Japan:
“Sun-earth energy transfer”
(Tokyo University, Japan, 7. October 1993)

1994: Stanley W.H. Cowley, Imperial College, UK:
“The Solar wind – Magnetosphere-Ionosphere connection”
(The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, Oslo,
22. September 1994)

1995: Anthony L. Peratt, Los Alamos National Laboratory, USA:
“The legacy of Birkeland´s plasma torch”
(University College, Notodden, Norway, 21.september 1995)

1996: Gerard Haerendel, Max Planck Institute, Garching, Tyskland:
“Physics along auroral magnetic field lines”
(University of Oslo, Norway, 19 September 1996)

1998: No lecture, but a ”Birkeland event” at Tokyo University 30 September
with presentation of a Birkeland bust to Tokyo University,
and a mini-seminar at the Norwegian Embassy.

2001: David Southwood, Imperial College, London /
Director of Research ESA, Paris:
“Kristian Birkeland, Science Forever, Lessons for Today”
(The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, 20. September 2001)

2002: Alain F. Roux, Centre dÈtude des Env. Terrestres et Planetaires, CETP, Paris:
”Role of Kristian Birkeland curents in the dynamics of
the geomagnetic tail”
(The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, Oslo, 19. September

2003: Lev M Zelenyi, Space Research Institute, IKI, Moscow, Russia:
“Space Weather”
(The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, Oslo, 19. September 2003)

2004: Catherine G. Coleman, NASA, Houston, USA:
“Our Earth seen from Space”
(University of Oslo, 23. September 2004)

2005: Wiliam J. Burke, Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, USA:
“Kristian Birkelands Message from the Sun – Its meaning then and now”
(University of Oslo, 22. September 2004)

2006: Margaret Kivelson, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), USA:
“A century after Birkeland: Auroras and related phenomena at moons
and planets”
(The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, Oslo, 21. September

2007 Dr. Eigil Friis-Christensen, Danish National Space Center, DTU
"Unrest on the Sun - storms on the Earth. The magnetic connection"
(The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, Oslo, 27. September 2007)

2008 Prof. Dr. Franz-Josef Lübken, Leibniz-Institut Für Atmosphärenphysik (IAP), Kühlungsborn, Germany
"Dramatic climate changes in the upper atmosphere"
(The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, Oslo, 25. September 2008)

2009 Prof. Dr. Paul M. Kintner, Jr, School of Electric and Computer Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
"Extreme space weather"
(The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, Oslo, 24. September 2009)

2010 Dr. Christer Fuglesang, Science and Application Division, Human Space Flight Directorate, European Space Agency (ESA): "Voyages to the International Space Station - a marvellous platform for research and future space exploration"
(The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, Oslo, 23. September 2010)

2011 Prof. Dr. Ryoichi Fujii, Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Japan: "Long-lasting Norway-Japan collaboration in solar-terrestrial science".

2012 Patricia Reiff, Rice University, Department of Physics & Astronomy,Houston, Texas: "Mapping and Predicting the Aurora"

2013 Mike Lockwood, School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, University of Reading, UK: "What auroral and geomagnetic observations tell us about long term variations of the sun"

2014: Dr. Jean Lilensten, Institut de Planétologie et d'Astrophysique de Grenoble, CNRS, Université Joseph Fourier, France: A new window on our space environment: The polarization of the auroral emissions.
A French - Norwegian discovery



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